The ability to prove one’s identity is increasingly recognized as the basis for participation in social, political, economic, and cultural life. Yet at least a billion people in developing countries lack any form of officially recognized ID.

World over more than 1.5 billion people lack any form of officially recognized identification, either paper or electronic-based. This identity gap is a serious obstacle for participation in political, economic, and social life—without a secure way to assert and verify a person’s identity, it becomes very difficult for a person to open bank account, vote in an election, access education or healthcare, receive a pension payment, or file official petitions in court.

Especially in developing and under developed nations; where a large amount of population depends on government aid or subsidies. In such circumstances having a proper identity becomes crucial to a person in order to gain aids. The presence of a proper identification system can help the governments and enterprises of developing nations in achieving the goal of sustainable development and growth. Many international organisations have started programs to assist and accelerate eID adoption.

Initiatives by international organisations-

Given the critical role of identification for development, the United Nations (UN) Member States have adopted Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Target “to provide legal identity for all, including birth registration” by 2030.
In 2014, the World Bank Group launched the Identification for Development (ID4D) Initiative to leverage expertise from different sectors and help countries in establishing trusted id systems.
The landscape of id is in a continuous dynamic state.